How Japanese Schindler in the USSR saved thousands of Jews from concentration camps: Tiune Sugihara
Thanks to the 1993 Oscar-winning film directed by Stephen Spielberg, the whole world learned the story of Oscar Schindler, a German businessman and member of the Nazi party who saved…

Continue reading →

Yamashita Tomohisa
Yamashita Tomohisa was born on April 9, 1985 in Funabashi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan The real name is Aoki Tomohisa, the name of Yamashita (mother's last name), Tomo took after his…

Continue reading →

ABOUT KOGEN THEATER
The Kyogen Theater, of which we are actors, is the oldest theater in Japan. Perhaps you can even say that this is one of the oldest theaters in the world.…

Continue reading →

What is the secret of the Japanese rock garden

The mystery of the disappearing fifteenth stone is, perhaps, the first thing the European has associated with the traditional Japanese “dry” garden. However, neither the “invisible” stone, nor “Mount Fuji”, nor the sea of ​​moss are mandatory elements of a rock garden, unlike the person for whom it is intended – a person.

How stone gardens appeared in Japan

The Japanese Garden has come a long way of development – from luxurious spaces designed to entertain the nobility and decorate the residences of aristocrats, to hidden meanings of secluded and quiet corners for meditation. Like all primordially Japanese, the traditions of creating gardens came to the islands from China, eventually transforming into a distinctive and unique phenomenon. Buddhism played a decisive role here – the territories around the temples were organized so that they would facilitate meditation and unity with nature.

The first Japanese gardens, created according to new principles, arose in the VIII century. These were already spaces where the perfection of the surrounding nature was emphasized, and intervention in the natural landscape was limited only by the goals of the existence of such gardens – meditation, contemplation, detachment from fuss and human concerns.
The nature of Japan, especially the island of Honshu, where the traditions of the creation of the Japanese garden were born, is distinguished by its special beauty, diversity, variability depending on the season. It inspired the creators of the gardens to seek harmony between order and chaos, rules and spontaneity.

The first Japanese gardening guide, Sakuteiki, appeared in the 11th century. This manuscript was a record of a long-standing tradition that was transmitted orally from the previous generation to the next.
Since the XII century, Japanese culture has been influenced by Zen Buddhism, popular among samurai, the military aristocracy. And soon – from the XIV century, when the Muromachi period began – rock gardens, “kaersansuy” (dry mountains and waters), which were created at Buddhist temples, began to spread. The main purpose of the Japanese rock garden is to serve as a platform, a space for meditation, silent comprehension of the truth. According to Japanese philosophy, nature is the best way to promote self-knowledge.

It is believed that the first creators of the Japanese rock garden were inspired by Chinese monochrome landscapes

Some gardens have been preserved since ancient times, including the most, perhaps, the most famous in the world – the Reanji Garden in Kyoto.

This is one of those attractions that for a European tourist serves as a source of bewilderment and some curiosity, and for a Japanese – a precious cultural heritage. In the Reanji rock garden, located on the territory of a large temple complex, there are no trees, no shrubs, or ponds. A rather small space – a rectangular area thirty meters long and ten meters wide – is filled with white gravel and groups of large stones surrounded by moss.
There are fifteen black stones, as if they are on five islets surrounded by a “sea” of white gravel. With the help of a rake, the surface of the garden is brought into such a state that it resembles either a sea ripple or a wave – they surround each “island”; thin and frequent parallel grooves outline the main area. On one side of the garden is a terrace where visitors pass, on three sides it is surrounded by a clay fence.

The peculiarity of black stones is that no matter where the viewer is on the terrace, he always sees only fourteen stones. One is always out of sight. Having moved, you can see him, but at the same time, some other stone will become “invisible”. This is the main secret of the popularity of Reanji Garden – after all, this place offers tourists a real focus. But the true meaning of this effect, of course, is far from the goal of entertaining visitors.

From any point on the terrace you can see only fourteen large stones

There is no single explanation for the “secret of the fifteenth stone”, and everyone can offer their own interpretation of this phenomenon. According to an old legend, the fifteenth stone that is hidden from the eyes of a person is hidden in his soul, and therefore invisible. And only those who can soar above themselves, having attained spiritual enlightenment, can contemplate all the stones (indeed, you can see the fifteenth stone when looking at the platform from above). Perhaps still, the Japanese view of cognition is embodied in this way – no matter how much science opens, there will always remain that which is inaccessible to it.

Carey Hiroyuki Tagawa
Carey Hiroyuki Tagawa is a Hollywood actor, Japanese by birth, who became famous for his work in the films Pearl Harbor, Memoirs of a Geisha, Hachiko: The Most Faithful Friend.…

...

THEORIES OF "NIHONDZINRON" IN JAPANESE BILLS
In the near future, the Japanese government plans to put into circulation new-type banknotes with new "faces." Gradually, such money will supersede the existing banknotes of the 1984 model. An…

...

Cultural leisure and the rules of its passage
In light clothing, with a backpack on my shoulder in the early morning of the summer month of August, I walked unhurriedly out of the anthracite building of the Kyoto…

...

What is the secret of the Japanese rock garden
The mystery of the disappearing fifteenth stone is, perhaps, the first thing the European has associated with the traditional Japanese “dry” garden. However, neither the "invisible" stone, nor "Mount Fuji",…

...